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The Keeshond dog is an excellent dog choice for adoption if you are looking for a fun and playful dog that is more of a medium-sized breed. Here’s some information on them before you consider taking the plunge and adopting one.


The Keeshond is a member of the spitz grouping of dogs. They are not very big in size, standing about a foot and a half tall and weigh around 30 pounds. But while short, they are study dogs. Their coat is a dense double-coat, usually with a thick ruff around their neck. The males’ ruffs are usually thicker than females. The coat is long, coarse, and thick and there is also a thick downy undercoat

Because of the intensity and thickness of the coats, these dogs require regular brushing or your house will become carpet-coated in their fur. They lose their entire coat once a year for males and females actually lose it twice a year. This intense shedding happens over the course of two weeks. Do not shave the dog, the undercoat, while thick is their protection against the elements. During the shedding period, you will need to constantly brush the dog as well as make sure your vacuum cleaner is prepared to handle the mess.

Color-wise, Keeshonden are black and gray. The undercoat itself is a very light gray or beige color and the main back coat is often tipped in black, making it look like the dog has been shaded in. Their ruff is usually lighter than the body. There shouldn’t be any pronounced white markings.


Keeshonds are by nature very playful and energetic with quick reflexes and the ability to jump very high. They are also very quick learners and pick new skills without issue. But, as it goes, because they are so quick at learning new skills, they often learn things that you really didn’t want them to learn. But with some training, any bad habits can be stopped even before they start. They are actually so trainable that they have been used as guide dogs for the blind, so you know that they are capable of behaving very well.


The Keeshonden (as they are called in plural; they are a Dutch breed) are known to be a healthy breed. Congenital health issues are extremely uncommon, but some conditions that have occurred are things like diabetes, hip dysplasia, and epilepsy, but as I said before, this would be very rare. To help ensure your puppy is free from these diseases, see if you can have their parents’ health information to see if they have been cleared from diseases. If you are purchasing a certified purebred, you should double check to make sure there is some distance in the relation between the parents. Inbreeding will only enhance health problems and is true of any breed, not just the Keeshonden.


The Keeshond breed dates back to the 18th century and was named after a leader of the rebellion against the House of Orange. The dog became the symbol of the rebellion and when the House of Orange regained their power, the breed was nearly eliminated. The name is a combination of the word “Kees” for Cornelius (the leader of the rebellion) and “Hond” which is the Dutch word for “dog.” The big difference between the Keeshond and other spitz breeds is the size and color. While the American references think of the Keeshond as a Dutch breed, it is actually part of the German spitz family of dogs, originating in German just like the Pomeranian, who is also a spitz breed. The American Eskimo is also a German spitz breed.

Dog Breeds

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There are too many dog breeds to even count. From mastiffs to Chihuahuas, there dogs of any shape, size, coat, and disposition. Dog breeds were created through thousands of years of selective breeding and have resulted in the largest variance in size of any species. As different lines were mixed, more breeds were created. This practice is still being done today, with breeders creating breeds, hybrids, and different types of dogs.

What is a “breed?”

Just to give you a quick explanation of what “breed” really means in terms of dogs, here is an explanation. A breed is categorized by the function the dog type was intended for when it was developed. Examples of categories include:


  • Herding dogs
  • Hunting dogs
  • Guard dogs
  • Working dogs
  • Companion dogs

There are various subtypes to accompany these categories too, even making breeds more specified to what they are skilled at. Some breeds have long-running histories, like the Samoyed, and can be dated over thousands of years and can be dated back as registered dogs for centuries. Other breeds, like the golden retriever, are more recent in history, though have clearly already made their place in the realm of dog breeds.


No matter where you are breeding or showing your dogs around the world, any breed is commonly associated with the original location or the location most commonly associated with it. The FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) maintains the registry of purebred dogs and various breeds. The intention is to set a standard for how each breed needs to be respected appropriately with their individual characteristics as well as to allow people to share dog information to trace origins. The Bull Terrior, for example, is considered an English breed and no matter where in the world the dog is bred, it is still an English breed.


Recognized Breeds

The FCI officially recognizes 332 breeds as well las 11 provisional breeds as being “purebred.” They do make additions periodically as more of a specific combination have increased in population. One of the more recent additions was the Miniature Bull Terrier, which had previously fallen under the category of the Bull Terrier, but is now recognized separately. The FCI divides the dogs into 10 separate categories.

  1. Sighthounds
  2. Companion and Toy Dogs
  3. Dachshunds
  4. Spitz and Primitive Types
  5. Terriers
  6. Retrievers, Flushing Dogs, Water Dogs
  7. Pointers and Setters
  8. Scenthounds and Related Breeds
  9. Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoid Breed, Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and Other Breeds
  10. Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs


Every group has subgroups under it as well. Every breed has a “breed number” that ensures that a breed can be identified correctly. Since each breed is called something different depending on language and country, the whole thing can get very convoluted as to which dog someone is actually referring to.

Dog Shows

As some people are very committed to the “purity” of their dog breed, there are competitions where purebred shown to try to be the best example of the breed’s qualities. While the movie Best in Show makes a mockery of the whole thing, if you have seen it, you will get a general idea of how the process works. The shows rank purebred dogs based on:

  • Agility
  • Field Trials
  • Conformation
  • Obedience
  • Sighthound racing


There are other rankings, but this is just an example of some of the more common ones. There are other types of dog shows, of course, outside of which dog is most like its “breed.” One of the more popular and humorous dog shows is the “World’s Ugliest Dog Contest,” almost the antithesis of the breed dog shows.

Personally, while the conformation shows are nice for looking at pretty dogs, I really like the obedience trials and agility trials. Dogs are phenomenal creates and when they have been trained well, it’s hard to differentiate them from the listening abilities of a child. I mean really, dogs listen far better than toddlers.

Golden Retrievers

The Golden Retriever is known to be one of the best family dog breeds in the world. They are large, fluffy, and well-known to be friendly. If you are considering adopting a Golden Retriever, I have some information to share with you before you make your decision.


Golden Retrievers are a large breed with a thick water-repellant wavy coat. There are a few regional variances in color, ranging from blonde to red. There are subgroups of the British type, American types, and Canadian types. The size and color depends on the type. Personally, I own a Canadian Golden Retriever. Her coat is dark red, she is thinner, and taller than other Goldens.



The topcoat of a Golden is naturally water-resistant and they shed throughout the year. The undercoat is typically white and is soft to keep the dog coolers in the summer and warm in the winter. The undercoat sheds in spring and fall. The coat lies flat against their bellies. They also have a little bit of feathering on the back of their legs. According to the AKC, Golden coats are “rich, lustrous golden of various shades,” and they don’t allow the darker red colors, but ultimately acceptance is up to the discretion of the judges. Goldens with pink noses are also not considered AKC approved.


Golden Retrievers are well-known as being a family dog. And they are amazing family dogs. While they do have a lot of energy and require a lot of outdoor play in order to stay healthy, you will not find a more loving or loyal dog. That said, Goldens are terrible guard dogs. I seriously think if anyone broke into my house, my dog would be far more likely to lick them than defend the home. But that trust and friendly attitude makes them awesome with children as they don’t show any unprovoked anger or hostility. They also love other dogs and will seek out dog friends to play with.


Golden Retrievers were bred from yellow Labradors. That means they are skilled retrieving hunting dogs by nature. Their coat makes them exceptional for water retrieves, meaning they are extremely useful when hunting for water fowl. Combined with their coat, they are by nature attracted to water and love swimming. If your Golden seems upset or stressed out, water is a great and soothing activity for them to do. Also of note, as the dogs have been bred for hunting, they do not startle from loud noises. Where some dogs have issues with fireworks and gun explosions, Golden Retrievers do not. They are not bothered at all by loud noises.



In addition to being a loving breed, Goldens are known for their high ability to be trained and their intelligence. In the rankings The Intelligence of Dogs, the Golden Retrievers are ranked as the fourth most-intelligent dog, after the Border Collie, Poodle, and the German Shepherd. Due to their intelligence, Goldens are naturally patient, making them exquisite hunting companions. They will sit behind a blind for hours until the time for them to shine arrives. They love to be put to work and will focus well on a task until they collapse.


Because Goldens will work or play literally until they fall over, they are susceptible to injury, primary the ACL in the hind legs. Even though these are common injuries, they can go unnoticed because the dogs are also very stoic. Many owners will not know there was a problem until something has been going on a long time or the injury has become very severe. Take care and watch how your dog is running and playing. If they seem tired or are favoring a leg, let them rest and do not allow them to run until you have established whether they are hurt or just need some sleep.